The figure shows the multilink rear suspension system of the BMW 5. The rear-axle bracket (aluminum tube welded assembly) is mounted to the body by four large-volume rubber mounts (silent bearings) for optimum noise and tire comfort. Even though this is associated with a relatively soft suspension, optimum tracking has been achieved thanks to an intelligent arrangement of the links. As a result, the kinematics as well as elastokinematics are tuned in such a way as to prevent, for example, adverse steering-angle changes during braking deceleration or acceleration.