Monitoring Environmental Performance
Level 5
Appendix 5
Waste Disposal Legislation


COPA 1974 provides the foundations upon which the waste licensing regime contained within EPA 1990 is built, whereby all waste management processes now require a license.

Refer here to:

  • SI 1994 No 1096, The Environmental Protection Act 1990 (Commencement No.15) Order 1994 and SI 1994 No. 1056, The waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994.

  • DoE Circular 11/94 Environmental Protection Act 1990 Part II; Waste Management Licensing : the Framework Directive on Waste

  • Waste Management Paper No.4: Licensing of Waste Management Facilities (HMSO, 1994)

  • Waste Management Paper No 26A: Landfill Completion, (HMSO,1994)

Specific provisions of the EA 1995

Licenses are only granted to 'a fit and proper person' and the waste activity must be the responsibility of a 'technically competent person.' (s.74(3) of the EPA). The licensee must also hold a certificate of competence under the EA 1995.


Read the DETR consultation Paper: Waste Management Licensing Risk Assessment Inspection Frequencies, Operator Pollution Risk Appraisal: OPRA for Waste (4 June 1999)